John Wesley

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

John Wesley (/ˈwɛsli, ˈwɛzli/;[1] 28 June [O.S. 17 June] 1703 – 2 March 1791) was an Anglican divine and theologian who, with his brother Charles Wesley and fellow cleric George Whitefield, is credited with the foundation of the evangelical movement known as Methodism. His work and writings also played a leading role in the development of the Holiness movement and Pentecostalism.

Educated at Charterhouse School and Oxford University, Wesley was elected a fellow of Lincoln College, Oxford in 1726 and ordained a priest two years later. Returning to Oxford in 1729 after serving as curate at his father's parish, he led the Holy Club, a club for the purpose of study and the pursuit of a devout Christian life; it had been founded by his brother Charles, and counted John Whitefield among its members. After an unsuccessful ministry of two years at Savannah in the Georgia Colony, Wesley returned to London and joined a religious society led by Moravian Christians. On 24 May 1738 he experienced what has come to be called his evangelical conversion, when he felt his "heart strangely warmed". He subsequently departed with the Moravians, beginning his own ministry.

A key step in the development of Wesley's ministry was, like Whitefield, to travel and preach outdoors. In contrast to Whitefield's Calvinism, however, Wesley embraced the Arminian doctrines that dominated the Church of England at the time. Moving across Great Britain, North America and Ireland, he helped to form and organise small Christian groups that developed intensive and personal accountability, discipleship and religious instruction. Most importantly, he appointed itinerant, unordained evangelists to travel and preach as he did and to care for these groups of people. Under Wesley's direction, Methodists became leaders in many social issues of the day, including prison reform and abolitionism.

Although he was not a systematic theologian, Wesley argued for the notion of Christian perfection and against Calvinism – and, in particular, against its doctrine of predestination. He held that, in this life, Christians could achieve a state where the love of God "reigned supreme in their hearts", giving them outward holiness. His evangelicalism, firmly grounded in sacramental theology, maintained that means of grace were the manner by which God sanctifies and transforms the believer, encouraging people to experience Jesus Christ personally.

Throughout his life, Wesley remained within the established Anglican church, insisting that the Methodist movement lay well within its tradition. Although sometimes maverick in his interpretation and use of church policy, he became widely respected and, by the end of his life, had been described as "the best loved man in England".

Works by this author

Language: Afrikaans

‘n Verstaanbare verduideliking van Christelike volmaaktheid

John Wesley
John Wesley

Vertaal deur Pieter WS Joubert

Met die samewerking van Ds. M Griesel en Ds V Joubert

Afrikaans
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Language: Български

Ясно изложение на християнското съвършенство

John Wesley
John Wesley
Ясно изложение на християнското съвършенство
Джон Уесли

(English: A Plain Account of Christian Perfection by John Wesley)

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Language: English

A Call To Backsliders (Sermon 86)

John Wesley

"Will the Lord absent himself for ever And will he be no more entreated Is his mercy clean gone for ever And is his promise come utterly to an end for evermore" Ps. 77:7, 8.

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A Caution Against Bigotry (Sermon 38)

John Wesley

"And John answered him, saying, Master, we saw one casting out devils in Thy name: and he followeth not us: and we forbad him, because he followeth not us. But Jesus said, Forbid him not." Mark 9:38, 39.

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A Plain Account of Christian Perfection

John Wesley
John Wesley
John Wesley

John Wesley (1703-1791) is the chief architect and source of inspiration to the teaching commonly referred to as Christian perfection. Among his many publications, the book that best summarizes his teachings on holiness is A Plain Account of Christian Perfection, as believed and taught by the Reverend Mr. John Wesley, from the year 1725 to the year 1777.

 

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An Israelite Indeed (Sermon 90)

John Wesley

"Behold an Israelite indeed, in whom is no guile." John 1:47.

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Awake, Thou That Sleepest (Sermon 3)

John Wesley
John Wesley Image

Preached on Sunday April 4, 1742, before the University of Oxford, by the Rev. Charles Wesley, M.A. student of Christ-Church

"Awake, thou that sleepest, and arise from the dead, and Christ shall give thee light." Eph. 5:14.

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Catholic Spirit (Sermon 39)

John Wesley

"And when he was departed thence, he lighted on Jehonadab the son of Rechab coming to meet him, and he saluted him, and said to him, Is thine heart right, as my heart is with thy heart And Jehonadab answered: It is. If it be, give me thine hand." 2 Kings 10:15.

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Causes of the Inefficacy of Christianity (Sermon 116)

John Wesley

"Is there no balm in Gilead; is there no physician there Why then is not the health of the daughter of my people recovered" Jer. 8:22.

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Christian Perfection (Sermon 40)

John Wesley

"Not as though I had already attained, either were already perfect." Phil. 3:12.

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Free Grace (Sermon 128)

John Wesley

Preached at Bristol, in the year 1740

"He that spared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us all, how shall he not with him also freely give us all things" Rom. 8:32

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God's Approbation of His Works (Sermon 56)

John Wesley

"And God saw every thing that he had made, and, behold, it was very good." Gen. 1:31.

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God's Love To Fallen Man (Sermon 59)

John Wesley

Original sermon from John Wesley, focused on Romans 5:15 First line: "Not as the offence, so also is the free gift."

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Heaviness Through Manifold Temptations (Sermon 47)

John Wesley

"Now for a season, if need be, ye are in heaviness through manifold temptations." 1 Pet. 1:6.

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Human Life a Dream (Sermon 121)

John Wesley

"Even like as a dream when one awaketh; so shalt thou make their image to vanish out of the city." Ps. 73:20.

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In What Sense we are to Leave The World (Sermon 81)

John Wesley

"Come out from among them, and be ye separate, saith the Lord, and touch not the unclean thing; and I will receive you, And I will be to you a Father, and ye shall be my sons and daughters, saith the Lord Almighty." 2 Cor. 6:17, 18.

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John Wesley's Sermons

John Wesley
Thanks to: Christian Classics Ethereal Library

Sermons on Several Occasions is a collection of 141 sermons compiled into five series.

In his first series, John Wesley presents what the Bible says concerning the way to heaven.

In his second series, Wesley sheds light on several important Christian doctrines and practices. The first two series were edited and organized for publication by John Wesley himself. And while one can assume that Wesley is responsible for all of the sermons in this book, it is important to note the circumstances under which the final three series were published.

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Justification By Faith (Sermon 5)

John Wesley

"To him that worketh not, but believeth on him that justifieth the ungodly, his faith is counted for righteousness." Romans 4:5.

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National Sins and Miseries (Sermon 130)

John Wesley

Preached at St. Matthew's, Bethnal-Green on Sunday, November 12, 1775 for the benefit of the widows and orphans of the soldiers who lately fell, near Boston, in New-England.

"Lo, I have sinned, and I have done wickedly: But these sheep, what have they done" 2 Sam. 24:17.

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Of Evil Angels (Sermon 72)

John Wesley

"We wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this world, against wicked spirits in heavenly places." Eph. 6:12.

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